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Water Condition in Gunung Kidul – Four Years After Yogyakarta Quake

On 27th May possibly 2006, a serious earthquake with a force measured at 6.3 on the Richter scale ruined areas of the Indonesian island of Java. The epicentre of the earthquake was only 30 kilometres south of the town of Yogyakarta. Especially poorly struck were Bantul Region in Yogyakarta Domain, and Klaten Region in the Central Java Province. However, nearby regions including the Gunung Kidul District were also severely damaged. The earthquake took the lives of some 5,800 people, injured tens of thousands, and rendered a lot more than 300,000 families displaced. In the immediate aftermath of the earthquake, disaster guide was offered by some Non Government Organizations, later followed by providing help in the reconstruction work. To recover or improve people’s living conditions, income-generating actions may also be implemented.Gunung Kidul received little support in the relief and reconstruction period. Even prior to the earthquake, it had been already one of many economically most vulnerable regions of Indonesia. The hydro-geological situation and the nutrient-poor soils are major factors behind the poverty in the spot. Rain is rapidly drained off through the karst substrate, which therefore leads to a predicament of extreme drought during the dry season from May to October. Additionally, the earthquake had an effect on the hydro-geological problems and caused an additional serious deterioration in the water supply situation. Consequently of the earthquake, many hitherto reliable wells in the sub-villages dried up, and some rises arrived at other area details or ceased going altogether. As a result of very low income level, lots of the households can not get water. Thus, many poorer families in particular have to commit disproportionately significant efforts to meet up their domestic water requirements. To acquire water all through six months dry season, many people are required to cover long distances on foot to the nearest water source. Enough time needed for these trips reaches the cost of earning capacity. It’s mostly women that are affected.With assistance from International and National Non Government Organization, all of stakeholders and community participation, water situation in Gunung Kidul is getting better. People particularly girls do not need to go 1-2 hours to the water source/springs to get water. At least 30 litres of water per day per person, available from shops situated only 300 metres away from the individual dwellings.

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